Miseno: Chiesa di S. Sossio

The Church of St. Sossio in Miseno


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Information for the visitor

How to reach the Church of St.Sossio in Miseno

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 … In 906, the famous historian Giovanni Diacono, the subdeacon, Aligerno and the provost Maiorino transported from Miseno to Naples saint Sossio's remains.

For many centuries the glorious remains of saint Sossio and saint Severino's bodies had been united, until monsignor Michele Arcangelo Lupoli, great personage of the history of Frattamaggiore and of elsewhere as well as glamorous prelate, promoted their transfer in 1807 to the parish of Fratta. The city welcomed its Patron saint's relics with a memorable exultation; it came back to his fellow-citizens' heirs the martyr Sosio of Miseno!

Miseno: Chiesa di S. Sossio. Museo a cielo aperto.

With regard to the exact name, some considerations are opportune.

In the texts of all the “passiones”, which carry the name of the Saint Deacon of Miseno, it came out the name Sossio and also the one Sosio. Giovanni Diacono, the most trustworthy of the authors being an "eye" reporter and not by hearsay exclaimed on the “tomb arched in a circle shaped as a Basilica”, as described by the super-witness “old priest of Miseno”, to the archbishop of Naples: “hic est Sossius levita et martyr”.

He called the Saint Sossius all the times except in the title of the report which he headed “Acta translationis s. Sosii”, with only one "s". The Latins wrote the name Sosius with one hiss: from the I century B.C. it is not rare to find the name written with two sibilants. The Greeks, from whom the Latins learnt it, wrote both Sossius and Sosios.

… And the name Sosso? It comes from the Ode of Pope Simmaco, because in the Geroriniano Martyrology it is written Sesontus and not Sossus, as erroneously reported and supported by an esteemed scholar. In the Roman Martyrology, at 23th September it is written: “In Campania, the commemoration of the blessed Sosio deacon of Miseno, from whose head the bishop Gennaro saw a flame raising while he was reading the Gospel in church and so he prophesied that Sosio would have been martyr. Shortly after, when he was 30 years old, he suffered the martyrdom by beheading together with the aforesaid bishop”.

Miseno: Chiesa di S. Sossio Particolare della lapide

… Not even only one Sossus is in the vocabularies, works and deeds, and in the lists of the cursus honorum. The ode of pope Simmaco dates back to the VI century (501-506), that is to an age during which the Latin epigraphy underwent the “degeneratio litteraturae” and was influenced by various “misprints”, using the journalistic jargon, among which the fall of the “i” after two sibilants, phenomenon of Greek origin.

Still today there is someone who writes exactly “classiari” and someone else who writes erroneously “classari”, to indicate the sailors of the fleet of Imperial Rome. “Sossus” is a mistake made by the ones who copied the ode. During that period language had been changed or mangled in some of its lemmas.

Anyway it is always about the same Saint, deacon of Miseno, martyr in the Solfatara with S. Gennaro: San Sos(s)io, patron of Frattamaggiore.

… Nowadays Miseno, once symbol of Rome on the sea, is a little village set among the blue of the sky and of the sea, the green of the hills and the yellow of the tuff of the collapsed volcanoes.

The little church of “its” Saint Sosio is a small museum under the open sky: pieces of marble, majestic capitals, trunks of columns and a polychromy of marbles drilled by date mussels, which testify the past levels reached by the sea because of the bradiseysms.

Miseno: Chiesa di S. Sossio. La Lapide donata dal popolo di Frattamaggiore.

But the most beautiful antique stands out on the fašade of the little church, above on the right of the entrance: the tablet, placed by the inhabitants of Frattamaggiore in 1905, when they came to Miseno in the anniversary of 1600 years after his Martyrdom to honour saint Sosio, who was born here like their fathers.

A memorable procession. Today that marble has the colour of ivory because of age and rain, in a light of indelible feeling.

Gianni RACE from the “Historical Review of the Communes” Atellana


Information for the visitor

The guide service is available only on application. Click on GUIDE to book a guided visit or to ask for information about the conducted tour.

It is possible to take pictures or to effect shots except if they are for commercial purposes.


How to reach the Church of St.Sossio in Miseno

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Road network:

from Naples (highways)

Enter the Tangenziale of Naples direction Pozzuoli. Exit n. 14 Pozzuoli - Arco Felice. Follow indications for Napoli-Pozzuoli, Baia and Bacoli covering first via Licola-Patria, then via Miliscola (going along the shores of the lake Lucrino). Continue for via Montegrillo (Commune of Bacoli) as far as piazza De Gasperi (little square of Baia with bus terminus) from which go on for via Lucullo and then for via del Castello. Continue for Bacoli. Arrived at the lake turn left continuing as far as skirting the shores of the sea on the left side. At the cross road go on keeping left. It is recommended to reach the Sacellum of the Augustales by foot (especially in summer) for the narrowness of the street and the impossibility of parking in proximity to the site. Adjoining private guarded parking areas for cars and buses.

from Naples (downtown - main station of piazza Garibaldi)

Direction Porto - Piazza Municipio. Continue for Mergellina and Fuorigrotta. Here it is possible to enter the Tangenziale direction Pozzuoli, or to go on for via Domiziana as far as passing the centre of Pozzuoli (direction Roma - via Domiziana). Follow indications for Baia and Bacoli covering first via Licola-Patria, then via Miliscola (going along the shores of the lake Lucrino). Continue for via Montegrillo (Commune of Bacoli) as far as piazza De Gasperi (little square of Baia with bus terminus) from which go on for via Lucullo and then for via del Castello. Continue for Bacoli. Arrived at the lake turn left continuing as far as skirting the shores of the sea on the left side. At the cross road go on keeping left. It is recommended to reach the Sacellum of the Augustales by foot (especially in summer) for the narrowness of the street and the impossibility of parking in proximity to the site. Adjoining private guarded parking areas for cars and buses.

from Rome to Naples - via Domiziana   

Continue for Baia Domizia, Mondragone, Castel Volturno. Then cover the freeway SS. n░ 7 Quater which takes on the Tangenziale of Naples (Exit Pozzuoli - Arco Felice), or cover via Domiziana (SS. n░ 7 Quater). Follow indications for Napoli, Pozzuoli, Baia and Bacoli covering first via Licola-Patria, then via Miliscola (going along the shores of the lake Lucrino). Continue for via Montegrillo (Commune of Bacoli) as far as piazza De Gasperi (little square of Baia with bus terminus) from which go on for via Lucullo and then for via del Castello. Continue for Bacoli. Arrived at the lake turn left continuing as far as skirting the shores of the sea on the left side. At the cross road go on keeping left. It is recommended to reach the Sacellum of the Augustales by foot (especially in summer) for the narrowness of the street and the impossibility of parking in proximity to the site. Adjoining private guarded parking areas for cars and buses.


  Railway: from Naples (main station of piazza Garibaldi)

Underground direction Pozzuoli. Napoli-Montesanto stop. Reach (about 100 metres) the station of the Ferrovia Cumana. Napoli-Torregaveta line. Baia stop. Bus terminus for Miseno.

Estimated time: about 70'


 

 

Bus: from Naples (main station of piazza Garibaldi)

SEPSA Bus Lines. Napoli-Torregaveta route, Baia line. Miseno stop.

Estimated time: about 60'

 


Correlated itineraries

 

 

Daily Itineraries: Itinerary A4

Jubilee Itineraries: Martyrs' Land